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django-pglock performs advisory locks, table locks, and helps manage blocking locks. Here's some of the functionality at a glance:


Advisory Locks

Use pglock.advisory to acquire a Postgres advisory lock:

import pglock

with pglock.advisory("my_lock_id"):
    # This code blocks until the "my_lock_id" lock is available]

Above our code will block until the lock is available, meaning no instances of the function will run simultaneously. Use the timeout argument to configure how long to wait for the lock. A timeout of zero will return immediately:

with pglock.advisory("my_lock_id", timeout=0) as acquired:
    if acquired:
        # The lock is acquired

Use side_effect=pglock.Raise to raise a django.db.utils.OperationalError if the lock can't be acquired. When using the decorator, you can also use side_effect=pglock.Skip to skip the function if the lock can't be acquired:

@pglock.advisory(timeout=0, side_effect=pglock.Skip)
def non_overlapping_func():
    # This function will not run if there's another one already running.
    # The decorator lock ID defaults to <module_name>.<function_name>

Model Locks

pglock.model can take a lock on an entire model during a transaction. For example:

from django.db import transaction
import pglock

with transaction.atomic():

    # Any operations on auth.User will be exclusive here. Even read access
    # for other transactions is blocked

pglock.model uses Postgres's LOCK statement, and it accepts the lock mode as a argument. See the Postgres docs for more information.


pglock.model is similar to pglock.advisory. Use the timeout argument to avoid waiting for locks, and supply the appropriate side_effect to adjust runtime behavior.

Prioritizing Blocked Code

pglock.prioritize will terminate any locks blocking the wrapped code:

import pglock

def my_func():
    # Any other statements that have conflicting locks will be killed on a
    # periodic interval.

pglock.prioritize is useful for prioritizing code, such as migrations, to avoid situations where locks are held for too long.

Setting the Lock Timeout

Use pglock.timeout to dynamically set Postgres's lock_timeout runtime setting:

import pglock

def do_stuff():
    # This function will throw an exception if any code takes longer than
    # one second to acquire a lock

Querying Locks

Use pglock.models.PGLock to query active locks. It wraps Postgres's pg_locks view. Use pglock.models.BlockedPGLock to query locks and join the activity that's blocking them.

Use python pglock to view and kill locks from the command line. It has several options for dynamic filters and re-usable configuration.


django-pglock is compatible with Python 3.8 - 3.12, Django 3.2 - 5.0, Psycopg 2 - 3, and Postgres 12 - 16.

Next Steps

We recommend everyone first read:

After this, there are several usage guides:

Core API information exists in these sections: